Crohns Flare

glucocorticoids (oral, topical or intravenous) are generally used to induce remission. Budesonide is an alternative in a subgroup of patients
enteral feeding with an elemental diet may be used in addition to or instead of other measures to induce remission, particularly if there is concern regarding the side-effects of steroids (for example in young children)
5-ASA drugs (e.g. mesalazine) are used second-line to glucocorticoids but are not as effective
azathioprine or mercaptopurine* may be used as an add-on medication to induce remission but is not used as monotherapy. Methotrexate is an alternative to azathioprine
infliximab is useful in refractory disease and fistulating Crohn's. Patients typically continue on azathioprine or methotrexate
metronidazole is often used for isolated peri-anal disease

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